Regardless of where you reside, it is necessary to have sump pumps installed in your basement to protect it from flooding. Sump pumps are critical for collecting water sieving through the basement wall and floor tiles.
Whenever water creeps into the basement, the sump pump will be activated to drain all the water in the sump pit, preventing basement flooding.
It also prevents excess moisture in the basement, which can attract fungal growth and other moldy organisms.
A sump pump is an ultimate defense for basement flooding; hence you must select and install an effective sump pump that meets specific considerations and criteria.
Considering When Choosing the Right Sump Pump
The type of sump pump
There are two types of sump pumps that are a pedestal sump pump and a submersible sump pump. The difference between these two is the durability, cost, and quality.
Submersible sump pumps are usually installed below the floor hence allows you to put furniture, flooring, and other equipment on top of it, therefore invisible once installed.
Submersible pumps are quiet compared to pedestal sump pumps and have a higher sucking power of 7000 gallons of water per hour. They are more durable than pedestal sump pumps, and their durability depends on how seal tight is the pump’s body.
They are more expensive since they incorporate modern technology to enhance efficiency. Pedestal sump pumps are traditional and are known to be loud and bulky but cheaper.
Installing them is quite easier since they require minimal plumbing and are durable since the mortar lies above the water. Unlike the submersible sump pump, they occupy more floor space, which can be occupied by other appliances such as freezer and furniture.
Power outages should be considered when installing a sump pump since, on certain occasions, power outages can lead to adverse effects such as basement flooding.
To avoid basement flooding due to power outage, you should consider having an alternative battery backup power source.
Therefore, it is effective that you buy a sump pump with an alternative source of power, such as a battery backup, to prevent indoor flooding when you are away.
Reliance on electricity to operate the sump pump can sometimes be disadvantageous; that is why I recommend using other sources of energy such as solar panels to run the sump pumps.
The solar should serve as the primary source of power, and electricity from the power grid should only serve as a backup.
Sump pumps are usually powered by electricity, and you must understand the horsepower and the level of energy consumption when installing a sump pump.
A mortar with enormous strength will be useful in sucking water fast before it reaches any damaging levels. Sump pumps have different horsepower i.e., 5, 25, and 33- horsepower, among others.
Before you decide on the horsepower, you should determine the horsepower right for your basement.
You can understand the horsepower requirement by estimating the home drainage area. Many homes use pumps with about ½ horsepower based on their scale and drainage area. The drainage area is not the only factor to consider when determining the horsepower requirement.
You also need to understand the groundwater depth and the depth of the basement. The final factor is to determine whether the foundation of your basement is below or above the water table; you can understand this by talking to your architect or builder.
It is recommended to have a sump pump that will give you a notification when a problem arises. A good pump should be able to connect to Wi-Fi and provide you with notification.
The sump pump should be able to accept rapid updates and installations.
Type of switch
After selecting the right pump type and size, you need to consider how to turn it on or off. It would be best if you had a pump with an automatic switch.
The automatic switch will help turn off and on the sump pump when you are away, and water starts sieving into the basement. A sump pump should be able to switch automatically after sensing the water levels within the basement.
After drainage, it should be able to turn off to prevent it from drying or burning out.
There are various types of switches, such as mechanical switches, which use floats to measure water level and turn on or off the pump and electric switches, which detect water levels electronically and turn on the pump.
Choosing the right sump pump with the appropriate size is advantageous to your home basement. One of the benefits is that it will guarantee the durability of your home by ensuring your basement’s structural integrity is perfect, and water leakage is kept out of the basement.
The appropriate sump pump should not be too small or too large. The sump pump should not be too powerful for the basement since it can lead to other damages like cracks on the floor, and it should not be too small to handle the task at hand.